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Step-by-Step Tutorial: How to Crochet a Granny Square

The humble granny square is a crochet classic. Beloved for its versatility and simplicity, this timeless pattern forms the building block for countless projects, from afghans and scarves to bags and ponchos. Whether you’re a crochet novice or a seasoned pro looking for a refresher, this step-by-step tutorial will guide you through the process of crocheting a basic granny square.

Before you start, gather your supplies. You’ll need:

  • Yarn (medium weight is a good choice for beginners)
  • Crochet hook compatible with your yarn’s weight
  • Yarn needle
  • Scissors

Step 1: Create a Slip Knot

Create a slip knot on your hook. This will be the first loop you’ll work into.

Step 2: Chain 4

Chain 4 stitches (chs). This small chain will form the center of your granny square.

Step 3: Form a Ring

Insert your hook into the first chain (closest to the slip knot), yarn over (yo), and pull through both loops on your hook. You now have a small ring.

Step 4: Begin the First Round

Chain 3 (this counts as your first double crochet stitch), then work two double crochet stitches (dc) into the center of the ring.

Step 5: Continue the First Round

Chain 2. This creates a corner of your granny square. Now work three double crochet stitches into the ring, followed by another chain of 2 stitches. Repeat this two more times. You should now have four groups of 3 double crochets separated by four 2-chain spaces.

Step 6: Close the First Round

Slip stitch (sl st) into the top of the initial chain 3 from the beginning of this round.

Step 7: Start the Second Round

Slip stitch into the next two stitches and into the 2-chain space. Chain 3 (counts as the first double crochet), then work two more double crochet stitches into the same space, followed by a chain of 2 stitches and then another three double crochets. This forms the corner of your second round.

Step 8: Continue the Second Round

In the next 2-chain space, work the following sequence: 3 double crochets, 2 chains, 3 double crochets. Repeat this for the next two 2-chain spaces.

Step 9: Close the Second Round

To finish the second round, slip stitch into the top of the first chain 3.

Step 10: Continue Adding Rounds

For each new round, you’ll start by slip stitching into the 2-chain space. Work the corners the same way as in step 8. For the new spaces created between corners, work 3 double crochets.

Step 11: Finish Off

Once your granny square is the size you want, cut your yarn, leaving a tail. Yarn over and pull through the last loop on your hook to secure it. Weave in the ends with your yarn needle.


And there you have it, your handmade granny square! With this fundamental pattern, you can now make a collection of squares to join together and create larger, stunning projects. Don’t be afraid to experiment with color changes or different types of stitches once you’re comfortable with the basic pattern. The beauty of the granny square lies in its simplicity and versatility, providing endless possibilities for creative exploration. Happy crocheting!

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